Humans turn to staggeringly low numbers of plants for most Panama Email List of the calories we consume on a daily basis. In fact, of the thousands of species of fruit and vegetables that are grown for food, less than 200 represent a substantial part of the food produced in the world. But what if climate change, invasive species, pollution, the expansion of cities, or overexploitation of the land were to weaken those species, thus impairing their ability to produce or survive in the future? Thousands of species and varieties of plants that fed our ancestors are now extinct, and more are Panama Email List disappearing every day. Diversity is the life insurance of our food.
Protection of indigenous crop varieties in Ecuador
Indigenous and local communities around the world are the Panama Email List main advocates for the conservation of agrobiodiversity. They have extensive traditional knowledge about the different varieties of crops and how to grow them. However, these same communities are often vulnerable, living in areas particularly exposed to the effects of climate change or where resources have been degraded. In the Cotacachi district, in the Ecuadorian Andes, family farming, mostly in the hands of women, is the main source of food and income. The area functions as a micro center of agricultural diversity thanks to its traditional crops adapted to the high Andean altitudes and, recently, the FAO Panama Email List has designated it as one Despite the wide availability of natural resources, the 45 indigenous communities that inhabit this area are facing climate change and land degradation, which reduces the availability of indigenous crops.
The Benefit-sharing Fund , created under the International
Through the Union of Peasant and Indigenous Organizations of Panama Email List Cotacachi, within the framework of the Benefit-sharing Fund project, we work with these communities in order to face the loss of diversity of local crops and find varieties that adapt to change. climate. Two biology knowledge centers are being created to facilitate access to seeds adapted to local conditions, and 30 farmers are being trained to become seed producers. Thanks to Panama Email List the project, more than 1,500 farmers benefit from the reintroduction of native plant species that are better adapted for consumption at home and for marketing.